Like most industry sectors Health & Safety has a language all of it's own - here's some help! ACAS Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service ACOP Approved Code of Practice ADI Acceptable Daily Intake AFFF Aqueous Film Forming Foam AIB Asbestos Insulation Board ALARA As low as reasonably achievable ALARP As low as reasonably practicable ALIBI Assessment of LPG Installations for Bleve Incidents ANSI American National Standards Institute AOPD Active Optoelectronic Protective Device (i.e. light barrier) APF Assigned protection factor ATEX Atmosphere Explosive (used in the context of European Directives, 94/9/EC and 1999/92/EC) AWS Automatic warning system BA Breathing apparatus BA Biological agent BAT Best available techniques BCF Bromochlorodifluoromethane (fire extinguisher medium - now withdrawn) BLEVE Boiling liquid expanding vapor explosion (LPG) BMGA  British Machine Guarding Authority BPEO  Best Practicable Environmental Option BPM Best Practicable Means BS British Standard BSI British Standards Institution BTM Bromotrifluoromethane CAR Control of Asbestos Regulations 2006 CAWR        Control of Asbestos at Work Regulations 2002 CCF Common Cause Failure CDM Construction, Design Management Regulations 2007 CEN Comite Europeen de Normalisation CENCER  CEN's certification body CENELEC Comite Europeen de Normalisation Electrotechnique CFS Chronic Fatigue Syndrome CHIP Chemical (Hazard Information and Packaging) Regulations CHP  Combined Heat and Power CIMAH Control of Industrial Major Accident Hazards Regulations CO  Carbon Monoxide COMAH  Control of Major Accident Hazards COPA Control of Pollution Act COPD  Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease CORGI Confederation for the Registration of Gas Installers CORU  Cabinet Office Deregulation Unit COSHH Control of Substances Hazardous to Health 2002 COSLA Convention of Scottish Local Authorities CPC  Chemical Protective Clothing CPR Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation CPS  Crown Prosecution Service CTD Cumulative Trauma Disorder CTS            Carpal Tunnel Syndrome CV  Calorific Value CVD  Cardiovascular Disease CVS  Chronic Villus Sampling CWCS  Control of Work in Confined Spaces CWR Continuous Welded Rail dB               Decibels (measurement of noise) DC Diagnostic Coverage (See BS EN 13849) DDA Disability Discrimination Act DEFRA Dept. for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs DESA Defence Explosives Safety Authority DETR Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions DIN Deutsches Institut fur Normung (German Standards Institute) DOE Department of Energy (United States) DSE Display Screen Equipment DSEAR Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002 DSS  Department of Social Security DTI Department of Trade and Industry EA Environment Agency EBW Electron Beam Welding EC European Commission EC European Communities EHO           Environmental Health Officer EHSR Essential health and safety requirement EID Emergency Isolation Device ELCB  Earth leakage circuit breaker ELF Extra Low Frequency ELO  Enforcement Liaison Officer EMA  Employment Medical Adviser EMAS  Employment Medical Advisory Service EMF Electro Magnetic Force/ Frequency EMR Electro Magnetic Radiation (see EMF) EMS Environmental Management System (ie 14001) EN European Norm (European Standard) EPA Environmental Protection Act ERIC Eliminate, Reduce, Inform, Control ESD Emergency Shutdown Device ESFR  Early suppression fast response ESRA European Safety and Reliability Association ET External Training ETS  Environmental Tobacco Smoke EU European Union EWC  European Works Councils FA  First Aid FA 61  Factories Act 1961 FA Act  Factories Act 1961 FI (HM) Factory Inspectorate FLP Flameproof FLT Fork Lift Truck FMEA Failure Mode and Effects Analysis FOD Field Operations Directorate FOPS Fall on Protection System (FLT) FPA71 Fire Precautions Act 1971 FPO  Fire Prevention Officer FRS  Fire Research Station (part of BRE) FSO  Fire Safety Officer FST  Finger Skin Temperature FSV Free Steered Vehicle FVL Full Variability Language (See BS EN 13849) GASP  Gas accumulation over spreading pools GEX Group of Experts on Explosives (UN) GNVQ General National Vocational Qualification HACCP Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point HASAWA   Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 HAV Hand and Arm Vibration HAV  Hepatitis A Virus HAZAN Hazard analysis numerical methods HAZCOM Hazards Communication Standard HBIG  Hepatitis B Immunoglobulin HBV Hepatitis B Virus HD Hodgkins Disease HECR Highly exothermic chemical reactions HEMA Hydraulic Equipment Manufacturers' Association HEPA  High efficiency particulate air (refers to high efficiency air filters) HFL Highly Flammable Liquid HGV Heavy Goods Vehicle HIV  Human Immunovirus HO Home Office HPD Hearing protection devices HSA Hazardous Substances Authority HSC  Health and Safety Commission HSE Health and Safety Executive HSE(EA) Regs The Health and Safety (Enforcing Authority) Regulations 1977 * HSM Health & Safety Manual HSW Act  Health and Safety at Work, etc. Act 1974 HSWA Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 HT High Tension (electrical) HV High voltage HVAC Heating, ventilating and air conditioning HWE Healthy Worker Effect Hz  Hertz IEHO Institute of Environmental Health Officers IiP  Investors in People IN  Improvement Notice IOSH Institute of Safety & Health IP Injured Person IPAF International Powered Access Federation Ltd IPC  Integrated Pollution Control IR Infra Red IR Ionising Radiation IRM  Institute of Risk Management ISBN International Standard Book Number(ing) JFRO Joint Fire Research Organisation KPI Key Performance Indicators LASER       Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation LEQ Equivalent continuous sound level LEQ(8)hr Equivalent Continuous Sound Level (normalised to 8 hours) LEV            Local exhaust ventilation LOLER Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 LOX  Liquid Oxygen LP Liquefied Petroleum LP Low Pressure LPA Local Planning Authority LPC Loss Prevention Council LPGA Liquefied Petroleum Gas Association LPGITA Liquefied Petroleum Gas Industry Technical Association LTA Lost time accident LV Low voltage LVD Low voltage directive LVL Limited Variability Language (See BS EN 13849) MEL             Maximum Exposure Limit (replaced by WEL) MEWP         Mobile elevating work platform (Cherry picker, scissor lift etc) MHSWR     Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations 1999 MPC Maximum Permissible Concentrations MPE  Maximum Permissible Exposure MPWP Maximum Permissible Working Pressure * MSD Musculoskeletal Disorders MSDS          Material Safety Data Sheets MTTF Mean Time to Failure MTTFd Mean Time to Dangerous Failure MWF           Metalworking fluids NDT Non-Destructive testing NEBOSH National Examination Board in Occupational Safety & Health NI Notifiable Installation NIHL Noise Induced Hearing Loss NIR Non-Ionising Radiation NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology (USA) NVQ National Vocational Qualification Occ Health Occupational Health OEL              Occupational Exposure Limit (COSHH) OES             Occupational Exposure Standard OGSM Objectives, Goals, Strategies & Measures OH  Occupational Health OHP Occupational Health Programme OHP Overhead Projector OHSAS Occupational Health & Safety Assessment Series (18001) OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration (USA) OSRP Act Offices Shops and Railway Premises Act 1963 Pa Pascal  (S.I. unit of pressure) PABIAC Paper and Board Industry Advisory Committee PAT Proficiency Analytical Testing PAT Portable Appliance Testing PCB Polychlorinated biphenyl PEL Permissible Exposure Limit (U.S. Dept. of Labour) * PELV Protective Extra Low Voltage (Not exceeding 50v AC/ 120v DC) PES Programmable Electronic System PF Procurator Fiscal PFEER Prevention of Fire Explosion and Emergency Response Regulations PHC Preventative Health Care PHO Public Health Officer PI  Principal Inspector PL Performance Level (See BS EN 13849) PLC Programmable Logic Controller PLR Required Performance level PPE Personal Protective Equipment ppm  Parts per million PRA Probabilistic risk analysis PRA Probabilistic risk assessment PRV Pressure Relief Valve PSA Probabilistic Safety Analysis PSAR Preliminary safety analsysis report psi Pounds per square inch PSO Principal Scientific Officer PTFE  Polytetrafluoroethylene PTW            Permit to Work PUWER Provision and Use of Work Place Equipment Regulations 1998 PVC             Polyvinyl Chloride QA Quality Assurance QC  Quality Control QMS Quality Management Systems QRA Quantified Risk Assessment R Risk phrases (i.e. R40, R42) as defined by the Approved List of the CHIP Regulations RCD Residual Current Device REACH Registration, Evaluation and Authorisation of Chemicals RF                Radio Frequency RIDDOR       Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 ROPS           Roll-Over Protection System (FLT) RoSPA          Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents RPA Radiation Protection Adviser * RPE             Respiratory protective equipment RSI Repetitive Strain Injury rt Test Rate (See BS EN 13849) SAD Seasonal Affective Disorder SBS  Sick Building Syndrome SELV Safety extra low voltage SFAIRP So far as is reasonably practicable SHE Safety Health & Environment SI Statutory Instrument SIC Standard Industry Code SIL Safety Integrity Level (See BS EN 13849) 1-4 (1 being lowest, 4 being highest) SIP Staged Improvement Programme (HSE term) SNR Single Number Rating - used to rate performance of hearing protection as one simple value. SRASW Safety Related Application Software SRESW Safety Related Embedded Software SRP/CS Safety Related Part of Control System (See BS EN 13849) SSoW Safe System of Work STEL            Short term exposure limit (COSHH) SWL             Safe Working Load TAG Technical Advisory Group TM Mission Time (the period of time covering the intended use of an SRP/CS) (See BS EN 13849) TWA             Time-Weighted Average UEL              Upper exposure limit (COSHH) UV Ultra Violet VDU Video Display Equipment VWF             Vibration white finger WBV Whole Body Vibration WEL             Workplace Exposure Limit (COSHH) WHSW Workplace Health, Safety and Welfare Regulations 1992 WRD Work Place Related Dermatitis WRULD       Work related upper limb disorders
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Abbreviations